Middlesbrough is a large industrial town, on the south bank of the Tees, in the north of Yorkshire. It is a few miles outside the border of the North York Moors National Park.
Historically part of the North Riding of Yorkshire, in 1968 the town became the centre of the county borough of Teesside, which was absorbed by the county of Cleveland in 1974. In 1996 Cleveland was abolished, and the Middlesbrough borough became a unitary authority, within the ceremonial county of North Yorkshire.
One of the best known landmarks of Middlesbrough is the great Transporter Bridge, constructed in 1911 to span the River Tees between Middlesbrough and Port Clarence. At 850 feet long and 225 feet high, it is one of the largest of its type in the world, and one of only two left in working order in Britain. This unique structure dominates the Middlesbrough skyline and was originally designed to allow tall ships to pass underneath. It can still carry 9 cars or 200 people on each crossing. There is a Visitor Information Centre demonstrating the history of the bridge and surrounding area.
mima, Middlesbrough Institute of Modern Art, is a new gallery located in the heart of Middlesbrough. mima hosts temporary exhibitions of fine art and craft from 1900 to now. Featuring the work of internationally acclaimed artists, the programme includes painting, drawing, ceramics, jewellery design, sound, film, mixed media, photography and sculpture. Exhibitions change every quarter. Admission is free.
Middlesbrough has two museums. The Dorman Museum reopened in 2003 after a 3 year redevelopment programme. The Captain Cook Birthplace Museum is situated within the landscaped grounds of Stewart Park near to the site of the cottage where James Cook was born.OS grid reference NZ 495 201
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Born in Middlesbrough
The renowned navigator and explorer Captain James Cook was born on 27 October 1728 in Marton, now a suburb in the south-east of Middlesbrough.
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